Glossary of Terms

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Glossary Term Sub category - what joint is this related to, if applicable?sort descending Definition
Pronate Elbow

To turn or rotate (the hand or forearm) so that the palm faces down or back

Supinate Elbow

To turn or rotate (the hand or forearm) so that the palm faces up or forward

Patella Knee

The knee cap

Femur Knee

The large bone in your thigh

Tibia Knee

The weight bearing bone of your lower leg

ACL Knee

Anterior cruciate ligament

Meniscus Knee

Donut shaped cushion between your tibia and femur

Subcondular Knee

The moose knuckle that forms the bottom of your femur

Tibial Plateau Knee

The top of the weight bearing bone of your lower leg

Radius None

Further away from the core of your body

Arthrofibrosis None

Scar tissue

Active Motion None

When the patient is moving

Passive Motion None

When someone is moving the patient

ROM None

Range of Motion

Mobilities None

Literally massaging manually moving (e.g. - a joint) in all planes of motion

Glides None

Actions that allow the joint to move in full ROM

Flexion None

The contraction phase of a motion

Extension None

The extension phase of a motion

External Rotation None

Rotation away from the center

Internal Rotation None

Rotation toward the center

Medial None

Toward the middle of the body

Lateral None

Toward the side of the body

Superior None

On top

Inferior None

On the bottom

Abduction None

Motion directly to the side

Proximal None

Inferior Labral tear (Named after the Dr. that started doing the repair).

AAOS None

American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons – trusted source for Orthopaedic knowledge and practice. Search info. 

Pubmed None

Comprised of 22 million references to Medline biomedical literature and citations.

Subscapularis Shoulder

Muscle of the rotator cuff located under the scapula

Teres minor Shoulder

Muscle of the rotator cuff located below the scapula

Supraspinatus Shoulder

Muscle of the rotator cuff located on top of the shoulder

Infraspinatus Shoulder

Muscle of the rotator cuff located on top of the scapula

Scapulothoracic Shoulder

Movement of the clavicle and scapula in unison as part of shoulder motion

Sternoclavicular Shoulder

Movement of the shoulder joint where the clavicle meets the sternum

Acromioclavicular Shoulder

Rotation of the clavicle on the acromion allowing for elevation

Glenohumeral Shoulder

The movement of the head of the humerous

Humerous Shoulder

The big bone of the upper arm

Labrum Shoulder

Donut shaped ligament that creates the secure cushion for the glenohumeral head

SLAP Shoulder

Superior Labral Anterior to Posterior (shoulder repair of this type of labral tear)

Bankart Shoulder

Inferior Labral tear (Named after the Dr. that started doing the repair).

Hallus Rigidus Toe

Stiff big toe